Final Reduction and Political Consolidation of Italy
The departure of Pyrrhus left the cities of Southern Italy to the mercy of Rome. Milo, Pyrrhus’ lieutenant, held the citadel at Tarentum. None of the cities that joined Pyrrhus ceased resisting Roman attempts at hegemony. The Samnites, Lucanians, Bruttians continued guerilla warfare in the mountains.
In 272 BC, L. Papirius Cursor the younger and Sp. Carvilius, who had crushed the Samnites at the end of the 3rd Samnite war, were elected consuls.
Papirius invested Tarentum and in the meantime received submission of the Lucanians and Bruttians.
Carvilius attacked the Samnites and scattered their forces. This concluded the end of the “4th Samnite War”.