Roman Building Projects

A Marker of Social Organization and Military Success

Republic

Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus

  • The Temple was maintained in its original Etruscan (archaic) form until 83 BC when it was destroyed by fire
  • A new version was completed in the Greek style in 69 BC
  • Greek artisans were hired to do the work
Model of the temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus, found in the Museum of Roman Civilization, EUR Rome. It was Etruscan in style with terra cotta statues, terra cotta roof tiles, podium and wall made of large tufa stones, and wooden columns. This temple, dedicated in 509 BC, lasted until 83 BC, when it was destroyed by a fire.
The rebuilt temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus was finished in the Hellenistic style. It was hexastyle (portico with six columns) and peripteral (a portico around the outside of the temple) with ten columns on a side. The roof was eventually covered in bronze tiles with gold gilt.